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西安的张卓(Zhang Zhuo)17岁,今年他考上了大学,他和家人都很高兴。但是大学的学费让他们不太高兴。

张卓的爷爷生病住院了,他的哥哥在上大学,家里只有爸爸在工作。

张卓学习很好。他说,他想早点上大学、早点工作。


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Comprehension Questions
男生 - nánshēng - school boy / boy / guy
考上 - kǎoshàng - to pass a university entrance exam (see grammatical points)
大学 - dàxué - university / college
喜 - xǐ - to like / to enjoy
忧 - yōu - to worry / worried
家人 - jiārén - household / one's family
高兴 - gāoxìng - happy
学费 - xuéfèi - tuition fee / tuition
爷爷 - yéye - grandfather (paternal)
生病 - shēngbìng - to fall ill / to be ill
住院 - zhùyuàn - to be in hospital / to be hospitalised
哥哥 - gēge - older brother
上 - shàng - to attend (class, school or university)
家里 - jiālǐ - home / at home / in the home (see grammatical points)
爸爸 - bàba - father
工作 - gōngzuò - to work / work / job
学习 - xuéxí - to study
早 - zǎo - early
Verb + 上 - Expressing that the result of the action attains / achieves something or provides satisfaction with "Verb + shàng"
男生考上大学 有喜有忧

Noun / Pronoun + 的 + Noun - Expressing a possessive particle with "Noun / Pronoun + de + Noun" (indicate a relationship of possessor / possession)
西安的张卓(Zhang Zhuo)17岁

Subject + Number + 岁 - Expressing the age of the subject with "Subject + Number + suì"
西安的张卓(Zhang Zhuo)17岁

Verb / Verb Phrase + 了 - Expressing that an action has been completed with "Verb / Verb Phrase + le"
今年他考上了大学

Noun 1 + 和 + Noun 2 - Expressing "and" with "Noun 1 + hé + Noun 2"
他和家人都很高兴。

Subject + 都 + Descriptive Statement - Expressing a descriptive statement with emphasis that applies to "all / both" of the subjects with "Subject + dōu + Descriptive Statement"
他和家人都很高兴。

Statement, 但是… - Expressing "but / however…" with "Statement,dànshì…" (a bit more formal than 可是)
今年他考上了大学,他和家人都很高兴。但是大学的学费让他们不太高兴。

Subject + 让 + Sb / Sth + Verb / Verb Phrase - Expressing "to make or let sb / sth to do sth" with "Subject + ràng + sb / sth + Verb / Verb Phrase" (causative verb)
但是大学的学费让他们不太高兴。

太 + Adj. (+ 了) - Expressing "too" to indicate excess with "tài + Adj. (+ le)" (negative formed with 不太 + Adj.)
但是大学的学费让他们不太高兴。

New Situation + 了 - Expressing that there is a change of state or that the action has just happened "now" with "New Situation + le"
张卓的爷爷生病住院了

(正)在 + Verb - Expressing an action in progess with "(zhèng)zài + Verb" (正在 can be used over 在 to add greater emphasis that the action is underway right now)
他的哥哥在上大学,家里只有爸爸在工作。

(在)...里 - Expressing "in / inside…" with "(zài)...lǐ"
家里只有爸爸在工作。

只(有) + Verb / Noun Phrase - Expressing "only…" with "zhǐ(yǒu) + Verb / Noun Phrase"
家里只有爸爸在工作。

Subject + 想 + Verb + Object - Expressing "would like to" with "Subject + xiǎng + Verb + Object"
他说,他想早点上大学、早点工作。

Adj. + (一)点 - Expressing "a little / a bit…" with "Adj. + (yī)diǎn"
他说,他想早点上大学、早点工作。
西安 - Xī'ān - Xi'an (capital of Shaanxi Province)
 
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