The Chairman's Bao
 
China Celebrates 36th Teachers' Day
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Simplified Traditional
Keywords
老师 - lǎoshī - teacher
听 - tīng - to listen / to hear
学生 - xuésheng - student
谢谢 - xièxie - to thank / thanks / thank you
您 - nín - you (courteous, as opposed to informal 你)
工作 - gōngzuò - to work / work / job
喜欢 - xǐhuan - to like
发 - fā - to send out
信息 - xìnxī - information / news / message
Grammar
第 + Number + (Measure Word) - Expressing numerical sequence with "dì + Number + (Measure Word)"
中国第36个教师节
9月10日是中国的第36个教师节。

Noun 1 + 是 + Noun 2 - Expressing that Noun 1 "is" Noun 2 with "Noun 1 + shì + Noun 2" (是 is only used to link two nouns, it cannot be used to link a noun and an adjective)
9月10日是中国的第36个教师节。
很多人现在不是学生了,他们都工作了

Noun / Pronoun + 的 + Noun - Expressing a possessive particle with "Noun / Pronoun + de + Noun" (indicate a relationship of possessor / possession)
9月10日是中国的第36个教师节。
这一天,中国的老师们都听到了他们的学生说:老师,谢谢您!

Noun + 们 - Expressing the plural form of a noun with "Noun + men"
这一天,中国的老师们都听到了他们的学生说:老师,谢谢您!

Subject + 都 + Verb / Verb Phrase - Expressing "all / every" to emphasise the quantity with "Subject + 都 + Verb / Verb Phrase" (都 emphasises the large quantity or frequent occurrence)
这一天,中国的老师们都听到了他们的学生说:老师,谢谢您!
很多人现在不是学生了,他们都工作了

Verb + 到 (+了) - Expressed after verbs to indicate completion or success of an action with "Verb + dào (+了)"
这一天,中国的老师们都听到了他们的学生说:老师,谢谢您!

Subject + 不 + Verb + Object - Expressing a negated verb with "Subject + bù + Verb + Object"
很多人现在不是学生了,他们都工作了

New Situation + 了 - Expressing that there is a change of state or that the action has just happened "now" with "New Situation + le"
很多人现在不是学生了,他们都工作了

Statement, 但是… - Expressing "but / however…" with "Statement,dànshì…" (a bit more formal than 可是)
很多人现在不是学生了,他们都工作了,但是他们会在这一天给他们喜欢的老师发信息,谢谢老师。

Subject + 会 + Verb / Adverb - Expressing that sth "will" happen or that sb "will" do sth with "Subject + huì + Verb / Adverb"
但是他们会在这一天给他们喜欢的老师发信息,谢谢老师。

给 + Noun + Verb - Expressing a more informal "for sb / sth..." with "gěi + Noun + Verb"
但是他们会在这一天给他们喜欢的老师发信息,谢谢老师。

Phrase + 的 + Noun - Expressed to link a noun to a preceding phrase with "Phrase + de + Noun"
但是他们会在这一天给他们喜欢的老师发信息,谢谢老师。
Proper Nouns
教师节 - Jiàoshī Jié - Teachers' Day (September 10th in PRC and Confucius's birthday)

Idioms

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