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10月19日,在公交车上,一个80岁的老奶奶给一个90岁的老爷爷让座。

老奶奶看见一个老爷爷上车了,就站起来让老爷爷坐。老奶奶问老爷爷今年多大年纪。老爷爷说他90岁了。老奶奶说她比老爷爷小,所以她应该让座。

人们都说老奶奶是好人,我们应该向老奶奶学习。


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Comprehension Questions
老 - lǎo - old (of people) / prefix used before name indicating age (respectable term)
奶奶 - nǎinai - grandmother (paternal) / respectable term for older lady of grandmother's age
公交车 - gōngjiāochē - bus / public transport vehicle
让座 - ràngzuò - to give up one's seat for sb
爷爷 - yéye - grandfather (paternal) / respectable term for older man of grandfather's age
上车 - shàngchē - to get on or into (a vehicle)
站 - zhàn - to stand
问 - wèn - to ask
多大 - duōdà - how big / how much / how old etc.
年纪 - niánjì - age
(在)...上 - Expressing "in / on…" with "(zài)...shàng"
老奶奶公交车上让座
10月19日,在公交车上,一个80岁的老奶奶给一个90岁的老爷爷让座。

Phrase + 的 + Noun - Expressed to link a noun to a preceding phrase with "Phrase + de + Noun"
一个80岁的老奶奶给一个90岁的老爷爷让座。

给 + Noun + Verb - Expressing a more informal "for sb / sth..." with "gěi + Noun + Verb"
一个80岁的老奶奶给一个90岁的老爷爷让座。

Verb / Verb Phrase + 了 - Expressing that an action has been completed with "Verb / Verb Phrase + le"
老奶奶看见一个老爷爷上车了,就站起来让老爷爷坐。

Situation + 就 + Verb / Verb Phrase - Expressing "then / and so / in that case…" with "Situation + jiù + Verb / Verb Phrase" (the action happens "as a consequence of / following on from" the situation)
老奶奶看见一个老爷爷上车了,就站起来让老爷爷坐。

Verb + 起来 - Expressed after verbs to indicate an upward movement with "Verb + qǐlái"
老奶奶看见一个老爷爷上车了,就站起来让老爷爷坐。

Subject + 让 + Sb / Sth + Verb / Verb Phrase - Expressing "to make or let sb / sth to do sth" with "Subject + ràng + sb / sth + Verb / Verb Phrase" (causative verb)
老奶奶看见一个老爷爷上车了,就站起来让老爷爷坐。

New Situation + 了 - Expressing that there is a change of state or that the action has just happened "now" with "New Situation + le"
老爷爷说他90岁了。

A + 比 + B + Adj. - Expressing "A is…compared to B" with "A + bǐ + B + Adj."
老奶奶说她比老爷爷小,所以她应该让座。

Reason ,所以 + Result - Expressing "so…" to explain the result with "Reason ,suǒyǐ + Result"
老奶奶说她比老爷爷小,所以她应该让座。

Subject + 应该 + Verb - Expressing that the subject "should" do sth with "Subject + yīnggāi + Verb"
老奶奶说她比老爷爷小,所以她应该让座。
人们都说老奶奶是好人,我们应该向老奶奶学习。

Subject + 都 Verb / Verb Phrase - Expressing "all / every" to emphasise the quantity with "Subject + 都 + Verb / Verb Phrase" (都 emphasises the large quantity or frequent occurrence)
人们都说老奶奶是好人,我们应该向老奶奶学习。

向 + Direction / Place + Verb / Verb Phrase - Expressing that the action of the verb is "to / towards (a certain direction / place)" with "xiàng + Direction / Place + Verb / Verb Phrase"
人们都说老奶奶是好人,我们应该向老奶奶学习。
 
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