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7月14日,中国福建省村民向荷兰收藏家追讨“章公祖师”肉身佛像的首场法庭听证会在荷兰阿姆斯特丹地区法院结束。

2015年,福建阳春村村民发现此前在匈牙利展出的一尊佛像为阳春村1995年被盗的章公祖师像。

2016年5月底,福建方面委托中荷律师团向荷兰法庭提交诉状,要求荷兰收藏家Oscar van Overeem将章公祖师肉身佛像归还中方。

被告van Overeem声称已将佛像转手他人。被告在答辩书中自述,他在得知福建村民计划提起诉讼时,与第三方买家达成交换协议,用该佛像交换了对方私人收藏的艺术品。

他说,新持有人是一名希望保持匿名的收藏家,并且对佛像有关争议完全知情。

两周前,村民向法庭提交诉求,要求被告公开这名收藏家的身份以及为佛像转手之事提供证据。被告随即提出法庭驳回诉求,却遭到法庭的反对,并被要求在六周内提交补充答辩。

原告律师Jan Holthuis解释:“根据荷兰《民法典》,这种情况下的交换行为是对良好道德的违背,对礼仪和秩序的冒犯,也是‘欺诈性转让’,目的在于阻却原告行使追索佛像的权利。”

Holthuis表示,被告有权书面陈述其拒绝公布的理由,福建村民也有权再次提交书面陈述予以反驳,最后法庭将就此做出裁决,整个过程可能历时数月。

倘若得知新持有者的身份,村民们就可以将他引入诉讼程序,要求他归还佛像。


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Comprehension Questions
福建 - Fújiàn - Fujian (Province)
跨国 - kuàguó - transnational / multinational
诉讼 - sùsòng - lawsuit
追讨 - zhuītǎo - to demand for sth to be returned / to demand debt repayment
佛像 - fóxiàng - Buddhist image / statue of Buddha
荷兰 - Hélán - Holland / the Netherlands
收藏家 - shōucángjiā - a collector (e.g. of artworks)
章公 - Zhāng Gōng - Zhang Gong (11th century monk)
肉身 - ròushēn - corporeal body
听证会 - tīngzhènghuì - legislative hearing
阿姆斯特丹 - Āmǔsītèdān - Amsterdam (capital of Netherlands)
阳春村 - Yángchūn cūn - Yangchun village (Fujian Province)
匈牙利 - Xiōngyálì - Hungary
尊 - zūn - classifier for cannons and statues
盗 - dào - to steal / to rob / to plunder
委托 - wěituō - to entrust / to trust / to commission
诉状 - sùzhuàng - indictment / plea / complaint
归还 - guīhuán - to return sth / to revert
被告 - bèigào - defendant
答辩 - dábiàn - to reply (to an accusation) / to defend one's dissertation
自述 - zìshù - to recount in one's own words / autobiography / written self-introduction
协议 - xiéyì - agreement / pact / protocol
收藏 - shōucáng - to hoard / to collect / collection
匿名 - nìmíng - anonymous
争议 - zhēngyì - to dispute / dispute / controversy
诉求 - sùqiú - to appeal / to demand (an answer) / claim / appeal
驳回 - bóhuí - to reject / to turn down / to overrule
原告 - yuángào - complainant / plaintiff
民法典 - mínfǎdiǎn - civil code
违背 - wéibèi - to go against / to be contrary to / to violate
礼仪 - lǐyí - etiquette / ceremony
冒犯 - màofàn - to offend
欺诈 - qīzhà - to cheat
转让 - zhuǎnràng - transfer (technology, goods etc.) / conveyancing (property)
行使 - xíngshǐ - to exercise (a right etc.)
追索 - zhuīsuǒ - to trace / to seek
陈述 - chénshù - an assertion / to declare / to state
予以 - yǔyǐ - to give / to impose / to apply
反驳 - fǎnbó - to retort / to refute
裁决 - cáijué - ruling / adjudication
随即… - Expressing "immediately / presently / following which…" with "suíjí…"
被告随即提出法庭驳回诉求,却遭到法庭的反对,并被要求在六周内提交补充答辩。

历时 + Time Phrase - Expressing "to last / to take (a period of time)" with "lì​shí + Time Phrase"
最后法庭将就此做出裁决,整个过程可能历时数月。

倘若… - Expressing "provided that / supposing that..." with "tǎngruò..."
倘若得知新持有者的身份,村民们就可以将他引入诉讼程序,要求他归还佛像。
 
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