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郑东(Zheng Dong)今年63岁,他退休前是山东一个大学的老师,徒步去了中国很多地方。

退休后,他说: 我是中国人,要去看看中国的大好河山。

7月13日,他去了内蒙古。11月21日,他完成了内蒙古的徒步,在那里走了113天。他说,他的妈妈今年93岁了,她的身体不太好,他想回家照顾妈妈。


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Comprehension Questions
老人 - lǎorén - old man or woman / the elderly
遍 - biàn - everywhere / all over
内蒙古 - Nèiměnggǔ - Inner Mongolia (autonomous region)
退休 - tuìxiū - to retire / retirement
山东 - Shāndōng - Shandong (Province)
大学 - dàxué - university / college
徒步 - túbù - to go on foot
地方 - dìfang - area / place
河 - hé - river
山 - shān - mountain
完成 - wánchéng - to complete / to accomplish
身体 - shēntǐ - the body / one's health
照顾 - zhàogu - to take care of / to attend to / to look after
Time or Verb Phrase + (以)前 - Expressing "before" a specific time or action with "Time or Verb Phrase + (yǐ)qián"
他退休前是山东一个大学的老师,徒步去了中国很多地方。

Verb / Verb Phrase + 了 - Expressing that an action has been completed with "Verb / Verb Phrase + le"
他退休前是山东一个大学的老师,徒步去了中国很多地方。
7月13日,他去了内蒙古。
11月21日,他完成了内蒙古的徒步,在那里走了113天。

Time or Verb Phrase + (以)后 - Expressing "after" a specific time or action with "Time or Verb Phrase + (yǐ)hòu"
退休后,他说,我是中国人,要去看看中国的大好河山。

Subject + 要 + Verb / Verb Phrase - Expressing that the subject "needs to do sth" with "Subject + yào + Verb / Verb Phrase"
退休后,他说,我是中国人,要去看看中国的大好河山。

Subject + Verb + Verb - Expressing that the action is "brief" or "a little bit" by reduplicating the verb (creates a casual tone)
退休后,他说,我是中国人,要去看看中国的大好河山。

New Situation + 了 - Expressing that there is a change of state or that the action has just happened "now" with "New Situation + le"
他的妈妈今年93岁了

Subject + 想 + Verb + Object - Expressing "would like to" with "Subject + xiǎng + Verb + Object"
他想回家照顾妈妈。
 
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